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Expressive Techniques for Orchestra

Composer: Kathleen DeBerry Brungard, Michael Alexander, Sandra Dackow, Gerald E. Anderson

Are you tired of juggling multiple technique books to teach scales, etudes, warm-ups, shifting, positions, vibrato, and tone production? Expressive Techniques for Orchestra offers a wealth of technical and musical experiences for the advanced middle school through upper-level high school student under one cover. This all-in-one book follows any published Book II, but is much more than just a Book III. It may be used sequentially or by individual units, as needed.


  • Warm-ups
    • Orchestra Stretches
    • String Calisthenics
  • Tuning Procedures
  • Rhythmic Studies
  • Vibrato
  • Chorales and Etudes
  • Natural Harmonics
  • Shifting
  • Upper Positions Taught Through Finger Patterns
    • Violin and Viola
      II, III, IV, and V Positions
    • Cello
      II, II½, III, IV, and Thumb Positions
    • String Bass
      II, II½, III, III½, IV, V, V½, and Thumb Positions
  • Scales and Arpeggios
    • Violin, Viola, and Cello: Two and Three Octaves
    • String Bass: One and Two Octaves
    • Velocity and Bowing Studies
    • Unison or Mixed Level Class Use
  • Alternate Clefs for All Instruments
  • Solo and String Orchestra Performance Pieces
    • Musical Period and Bowing Styles
    • Composer Biographies and Historical Context
  • Sight Reading Chart
  • Piano Keyboard
  Sample Pages
pdf pdf
  Catalog #
Violin 10400006
Viola 10400007
Cello 10400008
Bass 10400009
Teacher Manual 10400010


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